The place names in Aysén are linguistic layers of the different cultures that have been present in the region. There are names of indigenous origin, sometimes with the meaning lost over time, while others have survived the successive waves of explorers and settlers that have passed through Aysén. The Mapudungun language has strongly influenced the place names of Chile, including in parts outside of their traditional presence. In the case of Aysén, its influence is passed through the Huilliche people, with words like Quitralco (warm waters) and through the Tehuelches people with whom they had contact through the Pampas. As well, words have survived from a now extinct language of the Chono people, because of which there is no certainty about the meaning, as in the case of the place name Guamblin, composed of “guam” with an unknown meaning and “lin”, which means hill. The Tehuelche people left their mark in the form of some names, like Coyhaique, in which the word “aike” means encampment. Apart from names of Spanish origin and those of historical figures from Chilean history, of English origin are Cheap Island and Cheap Channel, which bear the name of the captain who commanded the ship The Wager, which in turn gave its name to Wager Island.

 

Baño Nuevo a place where sheep are bathed before shearing.
Chelenko from the Teluelche language and means stormy lake, was the original name of what is now Lake General Carrera.
Caleta Andrade named after the colonist Francisco Andrade Aguilar.
Carrera was named after General José Miguel Carrera, the hero of Chilean independence.
Chile Chico was named by the settlers in memory of their country of origin and as a result the rest of the country has by custom been referred to as Chile Grande.
Chacabuco from “chacay”, the name of a bush plant and its fruit.
Cochrane in memory of Sir Thomas Alexander Cochrane, the English admiral contracted by the nascent Chilean State as Admiral of the Chilean Navy.
Coyhaique from a Tehuelche word “aonikenk”, in which “koi” means water and “aiken” means encampment. The word "aiken" forms part of several place name in Patagonia.
Guaitecas where the southern wind blows, Mapudungun.

Raúl Marín Balmaceda in memory of a Chilean politician who died from a heart attack after speaking before the Congress.
Puerto Sánchez in memory of the engineer Eulogio Sánchez, who was in charge of mining operations at Lake General Carrera.
Puerto Ingeniero Ibáñez in memory of a miner who worked on the shores of Lake General Carrera. In giving his name to the port, the title of “engineer” was mistakenly added.
Puyuhuapi meaning island of the “puyes”, from a bush plant common to the area. Mapudungun
Quitralco meaning warm water in Mapudungun.
Queulat possibly of Chono origin meaning the sound of waterfalls, although some say it is Mapudungun and means distant lands.
Balmaceda in honor of José Manuel Balmaceda, President of Chile, who refused to resign and committed suicide in the Argentine embassy in Santiago after his side lost the Civil War of 1891.
Ñirehuao the ñire is a tree found in the region and “huao” means valley in Mapudungun.
Jeinimeni could come from a mispronunciation of the Spanish name Jiménez by the Tehuelche chief.
Lake Yulton named after the Chilean aviator who discovered the lake, Captain Herbert Youlton. A descendent wrote in an Internet site that the Youlton’s family tried to correct the spelling error in the name of the lake with Military Geographic Institute, but without success.
Mañihuales an area where the local mañío tree is abundant, Mapudungun.
Mallín swampy area with good grasses in the summer, Mapudungun.
Melinka was named by Felipe Westhoff and means “loved” in Russian. Several authors define Westhoff was Russian or Lithuanian despite his evidently German name. The Russian historian Olga Ulianova, who had settled in Chile, wrote that this name comes from the Russian word malinki, which means small. In the internet edition of the newspaper Eldivisadero.cl from November 6 2008, a descendent of Westhoff, Philip Westhoff Rodius, stated that Westhoff was a German Russian and that his grandmother’s name was Melinka.
Messier Channel in memory of the French astronomer Charles Messier.
Mount Melimoyu (volcanic mountain), four peaks in Mapudungun. There are now only two as the result of a volcanic explosion that blow two of the peaks away.
Mount Hudson is a volcano named in memory of the Chilean navy lieutenant Francisco Hudson Cárdenas, who was born in Chiloé.

Moraleda Channel in memory of the Spanish seafarer José de Moraleda, who explored the region in 1786.
Ofqui from the Chono language, which means place with drinking water. Other authors attribute the name to the Mapudungun word for sip.
O´Higgins is named after General Bernardo O´Higgins, the hero of the War of Independence and the first Supreme Director of Chile.
Fachinal this shore, Mapudungun.
Taitao from “tai tai", a waterfall. A noisy place, Mapudungun.
The Baker River was named by Captain FitzRoy after Sir Thomas Baker, Commander of the English South Pacific Fleet.
The Palena River was named by the Jesuit priest Nicolás Mascardi after his hometown.
Tapera rustic constructions of logs and tree bark for horsemen who lived with herds of horses in the Pampas.
Villa Amengual is named after General Santiago Amengual (1815-1898), a hero of the Pacific War.